A municipal court is a court with restrictive jurisdiction over criminal charges and civil matters within its area. These courts can be located at the county or city level.
Philadelphia Municipal Court – Civil Division INformation
Court: Philadelphia Municipal Court – Civil Division
Address: “1339 Chestnut St, #1020, Philadelphia, PA 19107”
What is the purpose of the Philadelphia Municipal Court – Civil Division?
Municipal Courts are routinely called “courts of limited jurisdiction.” Which means that they deal with minor criminal charges, civil disputes, and traffic matters. Courts like Philadelphia Municipal Court – Civil Division are the first level of court for this group of matters.
On the other hand, the purpose of a county court is to deal with a large number of civil disputes within the respective region. Most cases involve family matters, personal injury, more serious criminal charges, or breaches of contract.
County courts have the jurisdiction to deal with misdemeanors and civil actions that can’t exceed the amount of $15,000, while the circuits courts handle felony cases and more expansive civil matters.
TYPES OF affairs adjudicated IN A MUNICIPAL COURT in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Municipal courts are the entry level of courthouses in the U.S.. They are usually found within the jurisdiction where they are located, but some jurisdictions share municipal courts with other municipalities.
This can be done to better assist their people or to save money on overhead costs. The cases that will be heard by a municipal court can change based on on the municipality, but typically include traffic tickets, criminal misdemeanors and code violations.
You will not see a set definition for what makes a misdemeanor crime versus a felony case, but generally speaking felonies would require more time in jail than misdemeanors and fines may also be higher for felonies. Traffic violations usually result in points against your driver’s license as well
how are cases managed in the municipal court in Philadelphia?
Judges preside over hearings to determine:
- Probable cause for arrest
- Set bail amounts and the conditions of release
- Conduct arraignment hearings when charges are filed against individuals by police officers
- Issue search warrants to law enforcement officers in order to seize evidence from crime scenes
- start preliminary inquiries to establish if there is enough evidence to charge
The common process of a Municipal Court Case
First Step: Issuance of Summons
Step Two: Show Up before Judge or Magistrate
Municipal Court Penalties in Philadelphia, PA
Penalties change often, which is why it’s good to speak with licensed lawyer near you. The information below represents common penalties, but may not be 100% accurate for the Philadelphia Municipal Court – Civil Division.
A violation is a crime that carries a penalty of $500 or less, while a misdemeanor can possess penalties up to $1000 or one year in local jail. A person’s driving privileges may be suspended for six months if they receive three speeding tickets within 12 months.
The penalties for different offenses in municipal courthouses vary depending on the severity of an charges. For example, if you are caught with marijuana without having a license for it then you could be fined up to $2k or spend up to six months in jail.
Philadelphia Municipal Court – Civil Division Records
Municipal Court records from a municipal court may be difficult to find because they are not always stored in one area or system. The records that an individual might need to depend on the type of matter they have before the court, what stage it is at in the process, and what type of information is needed by law to be present.
FAQs ABOUT the Philadelphia Municipal Court – Civil Division
What is municipal court in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?
In Pennsylvania, the municipal court is a lower court with civil and criminal jurisdiction within a town or municipality. Municipal courts thus have a small location and have limited authority as well, dealing only with petty charges and misdemeanor crimes.
What does the municipal court handle in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?
Depending on the size of the municipality, a municipal court can handle a civil division (cases with less than $15,000 at issue), a traffic/criminal division, or a housing and environmental division. Serious cases/crimes are handled by higher authorities.
How many judges does the Philadelphia Municipal Court – Civil Division have?
The count of judges depends on the municipality’s size.
How are cases heard in municipal courts in Pennsylvania?
A municipal court judge may be either elected or appointed to serve for a set term of years or until they retire. Judges are sometimes chosen by the people with each precinct’s results judged based on the number of people. Municipal judges are often not attorneys but have some legal training and must complete multiple hours of continuing education every period to maintain their licenses.